Some dog lovers are unlucky enough to be allergic to them. Allergies are caused by proteins present in the saliva, the skin and certain secretions of the animal. When the immune system of a person is a little too “efficient” and reactive, it confuses these proteins with pathogenic agents and reacts accordingly.
In general, allergy to dogs is less frequent than allergy to cats, because the latter spread allergenic particles on their coat several times a day when they wash. But extra sensitive people can still develop symptoms in the presence of any dog. However, some breeds are considered hypoallergenic as they have little hair and/or shed a minimal amount.
Bichon Maltese is a breed of dogs with robust health since it lives 15 years on average. Intelligent, docile and affectionate, they love spending time with their family more than anything and adapt very well to apartment life.
Although it is the ideal companion for allergy sufferers, it takes a lot of time and effort to maintain their silky and delicate fur. Daily brushing of the dog’s coat and full grooming sessions twice a month is required.
The Bouvier des Flandres
The Bouvier des Flandres is an energetic animal, which needs space and daily activities.
Despite its shaggy appearance, it sheds very little hair so ideal for immune-sensitive people. You still have to take the time to brush it once or twice a week, to remove any knots, dust and debris that can accumulate there.
The Poodle is an ancient breed of dogs, very common in Europe and renowned for its elegance and loyalty to its family. Poodles are great hypoallergenic dogs, but you still have to take them to the groomer every two months, and brush their coat several times a week, to keep the curly coat in good condition.
Coton de Tulear
As its name suggests, the texture and color of the Coton de Tuléar fur are similar to that of cotton. As it has very little hair and does not shed, it is ideal for an allergic owner.
However, it is not a low-maintenance breed of dogs. Its dense coat should be brushed daily, as it tends to form knots. It should also be washed once a month on average to maintain its beautiful cotton-like appearance. Fortunately, as it is very docile and easy-going by nature, it generally accepts grooming without flinching.
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
The Irish Soft-haired Terrier has a soft, wavy coat, for this reason, it loses very little hair, and its fur does not tend to become tangled. Therefore, it does not require much maintenance: brushing two to three times a week is more than enough to keep it in good condition.
The Schnauzer is a robust and energetic companion, whose life expectancy is around 13 years. There are three different sizes for this breed: dwarf, medium and giant.
Like other hard-haired dogs, it sheds minimal hair which is an advantage for people with allergies. Besides, it does not require a lot of maintenance: a weekly brushing is generally enough to maintain its coat.
A very playful breed and also known for its strong character, its coat triggers less allergy than other dogs, but like all long-haired dogs, it needs to be brushed daily to avoid the appearance of knots. It must also be washed every month. Otherwise, its coat may look very messy.
There are many breeds of dogs known to be hypoallergenic, either because they lose little hair or because they produce few allergenic particles. A person allergic to dogs can definitely find a suitable companion. It is also recommended to spend extra time with the dog before taking it home.