What is FIV in Cats?

Symptoms, prevention and treatment

Nowadays, cats infected with an FIV disease may not show immediate symptoms. Once the initial infection of this disease identifies, they may show mild signs of FIV. Although in animals, the virus makes their immune system weak, once the disease takes hold, the problem can be fixed.

Mostly FIV infected cats who get strong clinical consideration can live comfortable lives for quite a long time while reaching its mild stages. Numerous people don’t know about FIV in cats. They confuse the term FIV with Cat leukemia infection (FeLV). The causes and symptoms of both diseases show that they both are different from each other.

What is the Feline Immunodeficiency Virus?

FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus) is a lentivirus that is commonly present in cats. The virus influences the cats around the world. Almost 2.5% to 4.45 of cats are being infected with this virus. FIV contrasts systematically from two other cat retroviruses, which are (FeLV) and (FFV). They all are more firmly identified with human immunodeficiency infection (HIV). 

However, FIV isn’t ordinarily lethal for cats. They can live healthier even if they act as bearers and transmitters of this sickness for a long time. For FIV, several vaccines are accessible to cure them in initial stages!

Symptoms of FIV in cats

An infected cat of FIV may not show any side effects for quite a long time. Once signs of FIV are developed, your cat may give indications of sickness instantly.  If your cat is showing any side effects, it would be ideal if you have it checked by your veterinarian. 

Commons symptoms include:

  • Enlarged lymph hubs 
  • Fever 
  • Anemia 
  • Disheveled coat 
  • Poor hunger 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Abnormal appearance or aggravation of the eye (conjunctivitis) 
  • Inflammation of the gums (gum disease) 
  • Swelling of the mouth (stomatitis) 
  • Dental illness 
  • Skin redness or male pattern baldness 
  • Wounds that don’t recuperate 
  • Sneezing 
  • Discharge from eyes or nose 
  • Frequent pee, stressing to pee 
  • Behavior change

How is the FIV diagnosed in cats?

Feline Immunodeficiency virus infection can easily be diagnosed with blood testing. This single test can capture the FIV severity of any cat.

The most well-known kind of test identifies the presence of antibodies of infection in the blood—no analysis shows a 100% accurate result. However, based on test results, your veterinarian will decide if further testing is expected to confirm either a positive or negative test results. When a cat is  FIV-positive, then your cat may transmit several other diseases.

How to treat FIV in cats?

There is no such antiviral treatment available to treat FIV at home in cats. Although some doctors say that cats could convey the infection and transmit it to people around them. That’s why treatment should state under the consideration of professional doctors. Your veterinarian may recommend a portion of the following medicines: 

  • Medication for auxiliary infections 
  • Healthy, satisfactory eating routine to empower great nutrition 
  • Fluid and electrolyte replacement treatment 
  • Anti-inflammatory medications 
  • Drugs for enhancing the immune system
  • Parasite control drugs

How can I prevent Feline Immunodeficiency Virus in cats?

Some FIV vaccines are available that are costly, but they may not protect all kinds of cats. These vaccines may help the cat to interface with the testing of this virus.

It is ideal for working with your feline’s veterinarian to decide whether FIV vaccination is the best alternative for your cat.  So, whether your cat is adequately treated or not, it is vital to prevent the transmission of FIV. The ideal approach to keep your cat from getting the infection is to keep him inside and avoid contacting other infected cats. 

Purpose of this article is to provide information. To ensure the health and well-being of your pet, always consult any question or concerns with your veterinarian.

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